The beautiful peacock plant care: Know about Calathea

peacock plant care


The Peacock plant known as Calathea belongs to the family Marantaceae. This family consists of several dozens of species and is native to Tropical Americas. The Peacock plant is a beautiful houseplant that is grown not for the flowers but for the attractive foliage. The following article is about peacock plant care and how to propagate.

The leaves of this plant are oval with a variety of marks including large and small blotches and dark green lines on a silvery green background. The patches on the upper surface of the leaves are relatively darker than the lower portions.

Another common name of this plant is the Prayer plant and Zebra plant. as these plants are tropical in origin thus need heat and humidity and also shade from the direct sunlight.

In the night the leaves of this plant fold together upwards like the human hands folded for the prayer.


1. Calathea makoyana

The common name of this plant is the zebra plant. The leaves of this plant are beautifully marked in various shades of green, cream, white, pink, and silver held aloft on a maroon stem makes it look like a peacock (1). This plant reaches a height of 18-24 inches and grows well under shade. The leaves are evergreen, pinnate, and spirally arranged.

2. Calathea insignis

This plant is also known as the Rattlesnake plant. It has a tapering narrow, erect foliage, yellow-green with lateral ovals. alternatively large and small with maroon underside (2).

How to propagate Calathea plant

Propagation of this plant is quite easy once they are properly established. As this plant rises from a single root and hence when the plant gets mature a clump of roots will form.

When the clump gets overcrowded we can simply divide these plants. the most favorable season for this is the early spring. Divide the stock carefully so that some roots remain on each side.

Plant these plants in a potting mixture of moist compost and cover the rim of the pot with a plastic bag.

How to take care of Peacock or Calathea plant

1. Temperature

This plant needs bright indirect light or medium-light with a temperature range between 18-30 degrees Celcius (65-85 degrees F).

2. Humidity

As this plant is tropical in origin thus requires high humidity with consistent moist and humid soil.

3. Light and position

Peacock plant prefers medium light under a tree or near a window.

4. Watering

Distilled or tap water is good for the growth of this plant. keeps the soil of this plant moist but never soggy. allow the top 2-3 inches to dry out before watering (2). as this plant needs high humidity therefore daily spraying is also good for the healthy growth of this plant.

5. Pest and insects

Red spider mite

This problem is because of the humidity. Watch for any yellow leaves of this plant. As these mites are almost invisible therefore it is advisable to cut the leave which is turning yellow.


As this plant loves humidity thus adds sufficient water.