How to take care of Peperomia obtusifolia or Baby rubber plant

care of Peperomia obtusifolia


The baby rubber plant (Peperomia obtusifolia) belongs to the Piperaceae family which is a true succulent. As a true succulent plant, this can be grown with normal care and can bear little ruff and tuff environment unlike other members of this family. Therefore the baby rubber plants sometimes called pepper faces are compact low maintenance plants with glossy, thick, and round leaves. This foliage of the plant gives it’s a beautiful appearance. The following article is about how to take care of Peperomia obtusifolia or Baby rubber plant.

Botanical description

The genus Peperomia is one of the largest genera of basal angiosperms having about 1500-1700 different species distributed tropically. The plant Peperomia obtusifolia is a bushy upright species belong to Piperaceae and is native to Florida, Mexico, and the Caribbean.

This plant is an evergreen perennial in nature having a thick erect stem growing up to 25 cm tall. the leaves are broad and cupped shaped with a leathery and waxy appearance (1).

Flower: It produces small white flowers on a narrow spike that grows up to 12 cm long.

Other variety

Rainbow Peperomia (Peperomia clusiifolia)

This plant resembles almost like that of the baby rubber plant and it belongs to the same family.

It has more pointed leaves and is having red color in the leaves.

How to take care of Peperomia obtusifolia or Baby rubber plant

1. Light and temperature

This plant prefers medium to bright light. This plant is well suited for indoor plants and can survive in low light conditions.

2. Watering

Overwatering rots the leaves and base of the leaves. Use a fast-draining potting medium as this is a succulent plant and water when it becomes dry.

3. Soil

As the plant does not tolerate overwatering and also does not survive well under low watering it grows well in soils that do not retain water. as water retention causes root rot. Therefore choose only those types of potting mixture which is having low water holding capacity. Do not use peat as it retains water (2).

4. Fertilizer

The plant requires low fertilizer. Nourish only one in two months or twice in a year (2).

5. Pest problems

This plant is susceptible to stem and root rots and leaf spot diseases (3).

How to grow Baby rubber plant (Peperomia obtusifolia)

1. Take a small pot having a total diameter of 15 cms.

2. Place it under shade or indirect light conditions.

3. Fill the pot with a potting mixture having well drainage ability.

4. Cut a baby rubber plant leaf with one or two-node and position it in the pot and gently pour the potting mixture. Make sure the nodal part should be under the mixture, not the leaf and its petiole.

5. Water it daily and check the moisture level. In six to seven weeks the new roots will come.